India New Education Policy 2020 IN Detail

Advantages for Children with Disabilities:

  • Children with disabilities will be enabled to participate in the regular schooling process from the foundational stage to higher education, with the support of educators with cross-disability fully.
  • Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State curriculum materials developed for use by students with hearing impairment.


  • Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school – including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills.
  • There will be no hard separation among ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular’, among ‘arts’, ‘humanities’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ streams.Subjects such as physical education, arts and crafts, and vocational skills, in addition to science, humanities, and mathematics, will be incorporated throughout the school curriculum.
  • Experiential learning will include hands-on learning, arts-integrated and sports-integrated education, story-telling-based pedagogy, among others, as standard pedagogy. Classroom transactions will shift towards competency-based learning and education.
  • Adjunct courses all subjects like arts, music, crafts, sports, yoga, community service will also be included in the curriculum. These will not be called adjunct courses.


(Later 10 + 2 Structure schools Format , now 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 methodology implemented)

This 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18. 

School kids in the age group of 3-6 are not extended in the 10+2 structure as Class 1 begins at age 6. In the new 5+3+3+4 structure, a strong base of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) from age three is also included.


Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.

The national scholarship portal is extended for S.C., S.T., OBC, and SEDGS students. About two crore children living away from school will be brought back into the mainstream under NEP 2020.

New Education Policy will bring a slew of major changes, including allowing top foreign universities to set up campuses to India, a greater proportion of students getting vocational education, and a move towards institutes including IITs turning multidisciplinary.

What is multidisciplinary institution?

A university will mean a multidisciplinary institution that offers undergraduate and graduate programmed, with high-quality teaching, research, and community engagement.

IITs to become multidisciplinary institution, opening doors for humanities students:

Even engineering institutions, such as IITs, will move towards more holistic and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities. Students of arts and humanities will aim to learn more science.


The nutrition and health (including mental health) of children will be addressed through healthy meals and regular health check-ups, and health cards will be issued to monitor the same.


Quality technology-based options for adult learning such as apps, online courses/modules, satellite-based T.V. channels, online books, and ICT-equipped libraries and Adult Education Centres, etc. will be developed.


The 360-degree holistic report card, which will not only inform about the marks obtained by them in subjects but also their skills will be implemented.


By 2030, 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary level, which is inclusive and equitable education where at least one skill will be known to each student.

The teacher should be prepared for assessments by 2030, with core concepts and knowledge.

All higher education institutions (HEIs) shall aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will aim to have 3,000 or more students.

By 2025, basic literacy and numerology will be ensured to students up to class three. Middle classes will be completely changed. Classes will be taught between six and eight subjects. School Education Secretary Anita Karwal said that ten major reforms had been approved in school education and higher education. The new policy focuses on the use of technology. A special curriculum will be designed for pre-primary education. Under this, children between the age of three to six years will come.

Boarding facilities will be built 

and free for matching the standard of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, particularly for students from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds.

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