The debate on maritime security, which prime minister Narendra Modi hosted on Monday, was a signature event. The event focused on u.n peacekeeping and counter-terrorism issues, although virtual; with this, Modi became the first Indian prime minister to preside over a u.n security council high-level debate on this remarkable event. Indian prime minister called for a framework of mutual understanding and cooperation on maritime security based on five principles, one of which is that maritime disputes should be settled peacefully and following international laws, something that china has ignored in advancing its claims in the south.
China, sea, and the other four basic principles proposed by the prime minister were freed:
- Maritime trade.
- Jointly fighting maritime threats from natural disasters and non-state actors like pirates.
- Preservation of the marine environment and promotion of responsible naval connectivity.
Several heads of state and government, including Russia’s Vladimir Putin, Vietnam’s famine, chin and the democratic republic of congo’s Felix, Antoine shisakedi shilombo, who is also the African union’s president as well as u.s secretary of state, Anthony blinken, attended the debate after India-led unsc maritime session. Pakistan threatens to continue militarization. While mentioning India, Pakistan’s permanent representative Munir Akram sent a written statement that states that India has nuclearized the Indian ocean and continues to induct advanced weapons systems and naval delivery platforms with hegemonistic designs. He also said that Pakistan would continue to take all necessary steps to ensure full spectrum, deterrence and national security on land, air and sea.
In light of these developments, the representative of the constitutionally Islamic republic, Pakistan, accused India’s policies of being driven by an extremist Hindutva ideology which, according to him, poses an immediate and pervasive threat to international and regional peace and security. Pakistan has adopted an ad hominem attack strategy against India using the term Hindu in its statements; china launched similar attacks at the meeting, naming the US and japan directly and indirectly accusing India of intensifying maritime conflicts in the Asia-pacific region. Beijing’S deputy permanent representative, dai bing, was the only speaker to single out countries by name at the meeting. He called Washington the biggest threat in the indo-pacific region. He also accused japan, which was not present at the meeting, despite the fact that it had nothing to do with the agenda. He charged japan with releasing wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear power plant into the ocean.
An earthquake and a tsunami in 2011 hit the Fukushima reactor.
Russian President Vladimir Putin called for the creation of a particular un structure to deal directly with the issue of combating maritime crimes in various regions. He said the rise in maritime robberies and hostage-taking was exacerbated by the fact that some countries are unable to fight transnational crime syndicates, pirates and terrorists on their own. He said Russia promotes strict adherence to key international law norms and principles enshrined in the un charter, such as respect for sovereignty, non-interference in internal affairs and resolving disputes through dialogue. Putin also stated that Russia wished to work with the Indian ocean rim association and the Indian ocean commission to develop productive cooperation.
Monday’S virtual debate is one of the signature events which brought all countries together for a discussion on maritime security, particularly in the indo-pacific region. The united nations security council adopted a presidential statement reaffirming that the united nations convention on the law of the sea provides the legal framework for maritime activities for the debate. Prime minister Modi outlined a five-principle framework. Mr Modi emphasized Sagar security and growth for all. In the region, a 2015 Indian framework for regional maritime security.
In this context, Russia is always played an essential role in global marital security. It is an important player in international security, safety and prosperity.
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